Compartment 22 is one of the largest compartments BESL is committed to improving as part of its programme of flood defence works, with over 20,000 metres of floodbank. The compartment comprises the right bank of the River Chet, the right bank of the River Yare between the confluence with the River Chet and The New Cut, The New Cut itself and the left bank of the River Waveney between the confluence with The New Cut and Burgh St Peter. The Compartment is mainly agricultural land containing no designated environmental sites. The Norwich to Lowestoft railway also runs through the site. The site contains some archaeology, former mills, medieval and post-medieval water management, Second World War defences.
The work has been divided into three phases due to the size of the compartment and variability in floodbank condition.